Nevada Remedies; Special Actions and Proceedings

Sec. § 40.495
Waiver of rights; separate action to enforce obligation; limitation on amount of judgment; available defenses.


1.

The provisions of NRS 40.475 and 40.485 may be waived by the guarantor, surety or other obligor only after default.

2.

Except as otherwise provided in subsection 5, a guarantor, surety or other obligor, other than the mortgagor or grantor of a deed of trust, may waive the provisions of NRS 40.430. If a guarantor, surety or other obligor waives the provisions of NRS 40.430, an action for the enforcement of that person’s obligation to pay, satisfy or purchase all or part of an indebtedness or obligation secured by a mortgage or lien upon real property may be maintained separately and independently from:

(a)

An action on the debt;

(b)

The exercise of any power of sale;

(c)

Any action to foreclose or otherwise enforce a mortgage or lien and the indebtedness or obligations secured thereby; and

(d)

Any other proceeding against a mortgagor or grantor of a deed of trust.

3.

If the obligee maintains an action to foreclose or otherwise enforce a mortgage or lien and the indebtedness or obligations secured thereby, the guarantor, surety or other obligor may assert any legal or equitable defenses provided pursuant to the provisions of NRS 40.451 to 40.4639, inclusive.

4.

If, before a foreclosure sale of real property, the obligee commences an action against a guarantor, surety or other obligor, other than the mortgagor or grantor of a deed of trust, to enforce an obligation to pay, satisfy or purchase all or part of an indebtedness or obligation secured by a mortgage or lien upon the real property:

(a)

The court must hold a hearing and take evidence presented by either party concerning the fair market value of the property as of the date of the commencement of the action. Notice of such hearing must be served upon all defendants who have appeared in the action and against whom a judgment is sought, or upon their attorneys of record, at least 15 days before the date set for the hearing.

(b)

After the hearing, if the court awards a money judgment against the guarantor, surety or other obligor who is personally liable for the debt, the court must not render judgment for more than:

(1)

The amount by which the amount of the indebtedness exceeds the fair market value of the property as of the date of the commencement of the action; or

(2)

If a foreclosure sale is concluded before a judgment is entered, the amount that is the difference between the amount for which the property was actually sold and the amount of the indebtedness which was secured,
Ê whichever is the lesser amount.

5.

The provisions of NRS 40.430 may not be waived by a guarantor, surety or other obligor if the mortgage or lien:

(a)

Secures an indebtedness for which the principal balance of the obligation was never greater than $500,000;

(b)

Secures an indebtedness to a seller of real property for which the obligation was originally extended to the seller for any portion of the purchase price;

(c)

Is secured by real property which is used primarily for the production of farm products as of the date the mortgage or lien upon the real property is created; or

(d)

Is secured by real property upon which:

(1)

The owner maintains the owner’s principal residence;

(2)

There is not more than one residential structure; and

(3)

Not more than four families reside.
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPAIRMENT OF REAL COLLATERAL OF SECURED LENDER
Source

Last accessed
Feb. 5, 2021