Nevada Remedies; Special Actions and Proceedings

Sec. § 40.437
Additional requirements for action affecting owner-occupied housing: Notice; form; election or waiver of mediation; rules concerning mediation; applicability.


1.

An action pursuant to NRS 40.430 affecting owner-occupied housing that is commenced in a court of competent jurisdiction is subject to the provisions of this section.

2.

In an action described in subsection 1:

(a)

The copy of the complaint served on the mortgagor must include a separate document containing:

(1)

Contact information which the mortgagor may use to reach a person with authority to negotiate a loan modification on behalf of the plaintiff;

(2)

Contact information for at least one local housing counseling agency approved by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development;

(3)

A notice provided by Home Means Nevada, Inc., or its successor organization, indicating that the mortgagor may petition the court to participate in mediation pursuant to this section if he or she pays to the court his or her share of the fee established pursuant to subsection 12 of NRS 107.086; and

(4)

A form upon which the mortgagor may indicate an election to enter into mediation or to waive mediation pursuant to this section and one envelope addressed to the plaintiff and one envelope addressed to Home Means Nevada, Inc., or its successor organization, which the mortgagor may use to comply with the provisions of subsection 3; and

(b)

The plaintiff must submit a copy of the complaint to Home Means Nevada, Inc., or its successor organization.

3.

If the mortgagor elects to waive mediation, he or she shall, not later than the date on which an answer to the complaint is due, complete the form required by subparagraph (4) of paragraph (a) of subsection 2 and file the form with the court and return a copy of the form to the plaintiff by certified mail, return receipt requested or, if authorized by the parties, by electronic transmission. If the mortgagor does not elect to waive mediation, he or she shall, not later than the date on which an answer to the complaint is due, pay to the court his or her share of the fee established pursuant to subsection 12 of NRS 107.086. Upon receipt of the share of the fee established pursuant to subsection 12 of NRS 107.086 owed by the mortgagor, the court shall notify the plaintiff, by certified mail, return receipt requested or, if authorized by the parties, by electronic transmission, of the grant of the petition of the mortgagor to participate in mediation pursuant to this section and shall assign the matter to a senior justice, judge, hearing master or other designee and schedule the matter for mediation. Upon the plaintiff’s receipt of such notice, the plaintiff shall notify any person with an interest as defined in NRS 107.015, by certified mail, return receipt requested or, if authorized by the parties, by electronic transmission, of the election of the mortgagor to participate in mediation. The judicial foreclosure action must be stayed until the completion of the mediation. If the mortgagor indicates on the form required by subparagraph (4) of paragraph (a) of subsection 2 of his or her election to waive mediation or fails to pay the court his or her share of the fee established pursuant to subsection 12 of NRS 107.086, as required by this subsection, no mediation is required in the action and the action pursuant to NRS 40.430 must proceed.

4.

Each mediation required by this section must be conducted by a senior justice, judge, hearing master or other designee pursuant to the rules adopted pursuant to subsection 12 of NRS 107.086. The plaintiff or a representative, and the mortgagor or his or her representative, shall attend the mediation. If the plaintiff is represented at the mediation by another person, that person must have authority to negotiate a loan modification on behalf of the plaintiff or have access at all times during the mediation to a person with such authority.

5.

If the plaintiff or the representative fails to attend the mediation, fails to participate in the mediation in good faith or does not have the authority or access to a person with the authority required by subsection 4, the mediator shall prepare and submit to the court a petition and recommendation concerning the imposition of sanctions against the plaintiff or the representative. The court may issue an order imposing such sanctions against the plaintiff or the representative as the court determines appropriate, including, without limitation, requiring a loan modification in the manner determined proper by the court.

6.

If the mortgagor is enrolled to participate in mediation pursuant to this section but fails to attend the mediation, no mediation is required and the judicial foreclosure action must proceed as if the mortgagor had elected to waive mediation.

7.

If the mediator determines that the parties, while acting in good faith, are not able to agree to a loan modification, the mediator shall prepare and submit to the court a recommendation that the mediation be terminated. The court may terminate the mediation and proceed with the judicial foreclosure action.

8.

The rules adopted by the Supreme Court pursuant to subsection 12 of NRS 107.086 apply to a mediation conducted pursuant to this section, and the Supreme Court may adopt any additional rules necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

9.

Except as otherwise provided in subsection 11, the provisions of this section do not apply if:

(a)

The mortgagor has surrendered the property, as evidenced by a letter confirming the surrender or delivery of the keys to the property to the trustee, the beneficiary of the deed of trust or the mortgagee, or an authorized agent thereof; or

(b)

A petition in bankruptcy has been filed with respect to the defendant under 11 U.S.C. Chapter 7, 11, 12 or 13 and the bankruptcy court has not entered an order closing or dismissing the case or granting relief from a stay of foreclosure.

10.

A noncommercial lender is not excluded from the application of this section.

11.

Each mediator who acts pursuant to this section in good faith and without gross negligence is immune from civil liability for those acts.

12.

As used in this section:

(a)

“Mortgagor” includes the grantor of a deed of trust or the person who holds the title of record to the real property.

(b)

“Noncommercial lender” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 107.015.

(c)

“Owner-occupied housing” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 107.015.
Source

Last accessed
Feb. 5, 2021