1. Except as otherwise provided in subsections 2 and 3, if the court determines that the property which is the subject of the partition action is heirs property, the court shall determine the fair market value of the property by ordering an appraisal pursuant to subsection 4.
If all cotenants have agreed to the value of the property or to another method of valuation, the court shall adopt that value or the value produced by the agreed method of valuation.
If the court determines that the evidentiary value of an appraisal is outweighed by the cost of the appraisal, the court, after an evidentiary hearing, shall determine the fair market value of the property and send notice to the parties of the value.
If the court orders an appraisal, the court shall appoint a disinterested real estate appraiser licensed in this State to determine the fair market value of the property assuming sole ownership of the fee simple estate. On completion of the appraisal, the appraiser shall file a sworn or verified appraisal with the court.
If an appraisal is conducted pursuant to subsection 4, not later than 10 days after the appraisal is filed, the court shall send notice to each party with a known address, stating:
The appraised fair market value of the property;
That the appraisal is available at the clerk of the court’s office; and
That a party may object to the appraisal not later than 30 days after the notice is sent, stating the grounds for the objection.
If an appraisal is filed with the court pursuant to subsection 4, the court shall conduct a hearing to determine the fair market value of the property not earlier than 30 days after a copy of the notice of appraisal is sent to each party under subsection 5, whether or not an objection to the appraisal is filed under paragraph (c) of subsection 5. In addition to the court-ordered appraisal, the court may consider any other evidence of value that is offered by a party.
After the hearing under subsection 6, but before considering the merits of the partition action, the court shall determine the fair market value of the property and send notice to the parties of the value.